Reflection on flood disaster and how to face natural disaster
Since the main flood season began on June 1, 45.523 million people have been affected by floods in 27 provinces (districts and cities) including Jiangxi, Anhui and Hubei, and 142 people have died and disappeared. According to the statistics of the emergency management department, 35000 houses have collapsed due to floods since the main flood season, resulting in direct economic losses of 116.05 billion yuan.
? Behind this series of cold numbers are tens of thousands of people's shelter. Some people's lifelong efforts and efforts have disappeared in the rolling flood. They are forced to stay away from their homes. Some people lost their relatives and friends in the flood. They want to seize everything they want, but they can't grasp it. They only leave what they want in the flood There is little hope left. Under the impact of natural disasters, the reality is disillusioned and withered.
? In the background of the flood, there are many people floating on the scene, but there are no people in the scene The boundless ocean, I don't know when it can retreat, leaving people trapped in every corner crying for help
? There are also many residents who take home-made boats or rely on a small board to go back to the warm and comfortable home that may not be prosperous once, and take away some of the last things that can still be used; the owner of the grocery store, looking at the mess after the flood, carefully picks up the goods that have not been damaged; the owner looks at the car that can not be started on the road Leave for strength. When the home is not in, carrying luggage, collective evacuation, looking back at the place where they once lived, how do you feel?
Millions of armed police soldiers were ordered to go to the front line of flood fighting for rescue and relief. They rushed to the front line of flood fighting without hesitation. They built a wall of Taoist people with flesh and blood, regardless of life or death. After graduating from the University, the soldiers who were brave enough to rescue them were not brave enough to fight against the flood Overdraft, heatstroke, various skin diseases, gastrointestinal infections and even psychological trauma, they have paid too much to protect their homes.
In fact, how to face natural disasters and how to protect ourselves in the face of powerful natural forces has always been a question that people have been discussing.
? Since ancient times, China has a lot of experience in flood control. As early as 4000 years ago, when the Yellow River Basin was flooded, Yao ordered Yao to take charge of leading and organizing the work of flood control. Due to improper methods, he met with failure. Later, his only son Yu presided over the flood control task. He learned from his father's experience in flood control by blocking method, and invented a new method for flood control It is to dredge the waterway so that the water can flow into the sea smoothly. He used the idea of "blocking" to "Dredging" to guide the flow instead of blocking. After 13 years, he successfully managed the flood and won the respect and love of people.
Water is the source of life. From oases and swamps to rivers and lakes, where there is water, there is life. People choose their address in accordance with this principle. Therefore, in Chinese ink and wash works, relying on mountains and rivers has always been a common theme, which also reflects people's artistic pursuit of integrating aesthetics and life. It is human nature to live in accordance with water. However, human beings are different from birds and beasts. They need a shelter and space for production and operation. When a disaster comes, there is no flexibility of other animals, so it is small and fragile.
In modern times, with the acceleration of urbanization, the villages were gradually replaced by the cities with high-rise buildings. The extensive traffic network, the endless flow of vehicles and the tall and complex buildings all symbolize the direction of prosperity and wealth. We all hope that in this era, we will try to reach out and touch the place which is also full of lights in the dark. But when the disaster comes, what is the difference between us and the people thousands of years ago? When everything is disillusioned, should we think about how we can avoid the immeasurable loss.
If there are no high-rise buildings, no over hardened pavement, no artificial dikes on both sides of the river, let the water flow naturally along its own path, let the wetland reappear, and let the nature regulate and conserve water by its own power, can it be better? Let the river have its own life, rather than limit it, let the rain water naturally seep into the underground or recycle, do not use the underground thick pipeline to drain them, let the plants grow naturally without interference, can we explore a new urban planning path and construction mode.
Is Dayu's idea of "changing blockage into Dredging" in flood control still has reference value in this era? What can we do?
? In the face of disasters, passive response or active thinking is not only a choice of thinking mode, but also a judgment of value orientation. When the torrent of the times is rolling forward, we should stop to reflect on whether there are any mistakes or problems in our lifestyle or thinking mode, and how to avoid unnecessary sacrifice and loss Development needs reflection and review. We are all practitioners and participants of the times, which requires our joint efforts. (Yang Kaiyue)